Registrar Frequently Asked Questions

The registrar uses two transactions (commit and reveal) to register a name.

It takes less than 5 minutes to register a name, including a 1-minute delay between the first and second transactions to prevent frontrunning.

Make sure you renew your ENS names before they expire! You add registration years to any name at any time, and for any duration you'd like.

You can add registration years to many names at a time on your My Account page in the ENS Manager App.

Anyone can add registration years to any existing name by paying the required fee, at any time.
There is no maximum limitation of the renewal duration but there is a minimum renewal period of 28 days.

You can renew your name at any time during the period you own it. Making sure you renew before the name expires will prevent someone else from registering the name.
There is also a 'grace period' of 90 days after your name expires. You can renew the name to retain ownership of it during the grace period.

Yearly renewals cost $5/year for names that are 5 characters or longer. 4 character names cost $160/year, and 3 character names cost $640/year. Fees are paid in ETH. The ETH/USD exchange rate is set by the Chainlink ETH/USD oracle.

Rather than being locked and held, as in the original interim registrar, renewal fees in the permanent registrar are spent. You will not get them back.

Funds are sent to the ENS root multisig, for the keyholders to determine how funds get allocated. We're considering multiple options for the long-term use of the funds, such as funding the core ENS team, as well as other teams building on ENS. There are also tax considerations to address.

It's ultimately up to the keyholders to allocate the funds. We hope they will fund ENS ecosystems projects. If available funds exceed the reasonable needs of the ENS ecosystem, we hope other Ethereum projects will receive them.

Simply go to and click on "My Account".

Yes, .eth names are tradeable as NFTs.

You can do this using our Manager interface here, or using any tool with NFT support.

The cost of doing this is the only limitation in place.

The registrant is the account that owns the .eth name. They can transfer ownership to another account, and they can replace the controller address. The registrant is the owner of the NFT token that represents the name.
The controller is the account that controls day-to-day operations with the name: creating subdomains, setting the resolver and records, and so forth.
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About the ENS Registrar
How many transactions are required to register a .eth name?
How long does it take to register a name using the .eth registrar?
Do we need to do anything to ensure the continued use of existing ENS names?
What happens if I have several ENS names with different renewal dates?
How do renewals work?
Can someone grab my domains at the end of my subscription period?
How much will the yearly renewals cost?
What happens to the renewal fees? Do I get them back?
How will ENS team manage and spend the funds? Will there be a foundation or transparent oversight?
How are funds from .eth registration income used?
Where can I manage all my ENS names?
Can I trade ENS domains on NFT exchanges?
How can I transfer domains registered in the .eth registry to someone else?
What prohibits large scale domain grabbing besides registration fees?
What is the "registrant" and "controller" of a name?